By Alex C. Michalos

ISBN-10: 3319165240

ISBN-13: 9783319165240

ISBN-10: 3319165259

ISBN-13: 9783319165257

This monograph describes the contributions to our present knowing of caliber of lifestyles made through an important historical philosophers within the Western culture. It does so from the perspective of a modern researcher in caliber of existence or human health. Revisiting historic texts from approximately six hundred BCE to three hundred BCE, the booklet explores the earliest rules in recorded western philosophical and clinical heritage that have been considerably regarding present learn and realizing of the standard of existence or health and wellbeing for people and groups. It examines the issues and strategies present in those texts and their connection to nonetheless present primary matters and questions resembling: ‘What is an effective life?’, ‘What is the simplest type of individual to be?’ ‘How can one inform if one’s society is making development to a couple kind of fascinating kingdom or falling backwards?’ The e-book indicates that throughout time and throughout many cultures, the human species bears a few awesome similarities.

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The idea that Xenophon (c. 428–354 BCE) put into Antisthenes’ quasi fictional speech in the former’s Symposium that “wealth and poverty relate not so much to a man’s possessions as to his soul” (Dobbin 2012, p. 19), has some current resonance insofar as people believe that wealth and poverty are multidimensional and partly defined by what people are able to make of the objective circumstances of their lives. Xenophon’s Antisthenes reminds his friends that many rich people think of themselves as needy, that two people with equal resources may have very different views about how needy they are, that while the poor may steal and burgle, rich rulers may kill thousands, that the poor are less liable to be captured by frivolous pleasures, that “men of simple tastes are more ethical than men bent on amassing wealth since we are less likely to want what belongs to others when we are happy with what we have” and that “leisure, the most enviable thing of all, is always mine to enjoy” (Dobbin 2012, pp.

The name comes from the Greek noun KYON, meaning ‘dog’ and the adjective KYNIKOS, ‘dog-like’. The name was applied because the Cynic way of life was supposed to be similar to that of dogs and other animals living according to nature. As noted below in our discussion of Plato’s ideas about a good life, it is not useful for us to try to distinguish exactly which are his, which are Socrates’ and which are both. However, it does seem fair to say that Socrates espoused a lifestyle that was considerably more ascetic than Plato’s and that it is that ascetic style that is most likely what Dobbin and others might have called “the master’s moral legacy” to the Cynics.

There are two kinds of judgment, one legitimate and the other bastard. All the following belong to the bastard: sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch. The other is legitimate and is separated from this. When the bastard one is unable to see or hear or smell or taste or grasp by touch any further in the direction of smallness, but  toward what is fine,  …By convention [or, custom], sweet; by convention, bitter; by convention, hot; by convention, cold; by convention, color; but in reality, atoms and void.

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Ancient Views on the Quality of Life by Alex C. Michalos


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