By C.J. Harris, I. White
This booklet describes a few of the advancements in Command, keep watch over and communique platforms
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It appears to have wide application for certain command and control tasks. 63 Knowledge by structure: To illustrate the development and extension of KBS to C3I, consider the following simple paradigm for human decision making (Wohl, 1981): Stimulus Hypothesis Options Response (Picture compilation) (Threat assessment) (Resource allocation) (Response) An analogous C3I sequence is shown in parentheses. Each of these functions involves complex inferential operations on the input data, using a range of knowledge of military systems and operations.
8 illustrates alternative futures expected to result from following the alternative courses of action A and B. 3 Value model: A value model defines the relative desirability of different world situations or states, in which goals and penalties are desirable/undesirable world states (DWSs/UWSs) (Fig. 9). 4 Command decisions: If the objective of command is the attainment of goals (DWSs) combined with the avoidance of penalties (UWSs), the command function is the selection and application of actions to maximise intersection with DWSs and minimise intersection with UWSs.
The answer is clearly both, but the idea of artificial intelligence as a major palliative for many of the problems of command and control needs to be regarded with considerable caution. The problems of better understanding perception, option formulation, degree of belief, decision making, and learning have been cited above as important aspects of command and control. The record of artificial intelligence in these areas, and in the demonstration of method rather than example, is poor (Anderson, 1986) and does not add much to our understanding of how to build command and control systems.
Advances in command, control & communication systems by C.J. Harris, I. White